To pass through the barriers you will have to use your Atropian Blade melee attack, but you should keep in mind that some barriers will require different levels of improved melee combat. To achieve these levels you will have to use the Adrenaline system, in which you must kill three enemies in a row without being damaged to increase your adrenaline. Rinse until you are on adrenaline level 3.
In case you do not have the Atropian Blade melee weapon, you must position yourself in the first biome, Overgrown Ruins, to obtain the Atropian blade that you must use to kill the enemies of the red shield alien planet, pressing the Square button.
Now that you know how to destroy the energy barriers in Returnal, we hope you can break all the obstacles you find and manage to advance from minute zero now that the game has just been released.